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2016 weather statistics

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February 13, 2017

●Australia’s fourth-warmest year on record, with the annual national mean temperature 0.87°C above average

●Ocean temperatures the warmest on record for the Australian region, with an annual mean sea surface temperature 0.73°C above average

●March and autumn as a whole were the warmest on record for Australian mean temperature

●Among the 10 warmest years on record for Queensland, NSW, Victoria, Tasmania and the Northern Territory

●Rainfall was above average for most of Australia, but below average for areas of the northern coasts between the Gascoyne in Western Australia and Townsville in Queensland, and pockets of coastal southeast Queensland and northeastern NSW

●Nationally-averaged rainfall was 17 per cent above average for the year, at 544.99mm (1961–1990 average 465.2mm)

●A strong El Niño influenced Australia’s climate at the beginning of the year, before breaking down during autumn

●A strong negative Indian Ocean Dipole influenced Australia’s climate from May to November

●The central tropical Pacific approached La Niña thresholds during spring, but a La Niña did not develop

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